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SDL_sysjoystick.c

/*
    SDL - Simple DirectMedia Layer
    Copyright (C) 1997-2010 Sam Lantinga

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
    version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
    Lesser General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA

    Sam Lantinga
    slouken@libsdl.org
*/
#include "SDL_config.h"

#ifdef SDL_JOYSTICK_IOKIT

/* SDL joystick driver for Darwin / Mac OS X, based on the IOKit HID API */
/* Written 2001 by Max Horn */

#include <unistd.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sysexits.h>
#include <mach/mach.h>
#include <mach/mach_error.h>
#include <IOKit/IOKitLib.h>
#include <IOKit/IOCFPlugIn.h>
#ifdef MACOS_10_0_4
#include <IOKit/hidsystem/IOHIDUsageTables.h>
#else
/* The header was moved here in Mac OS X 10.1 */
#include <Kernel/IOKit/hidsystem/IOHIDUsageTables.h>
#endif
#include <IOKit/hid/IOHIDLib.h>
#include <IOKit/hid/IOHIDKeys.h>
#include <CoreFoundation/CoreFoundation.h>
#include <Carbon/Carbon.h>      /* for NewPtrClear, DisposePtr */

/* For force feedback testing. */
#include <ForceFeedback/ForceFeedback.h>
#include <ForceFeedback/ForceFeedbackConstants.h>

#include "SDL_joystick.h"
#include "../SDL_sysjoystick.h"
#include "../SDL_joystick_c.h"
#include "SDL_sysjoystick_c.h"


/* Linked list of all available devices */
static recDevice *gpDeviceList = NULL;


static void
HIDReportErrorNum(char *strError, long numError)
{
    SDL_SetError(strError);
}

static void HIDGetCollectionElements(CFMutableDictionaryRef deviceProperties,
                                     recDevice * pDevice);

/* returns current value for element, polling element
 * will return 0 on error conditions which should be accounted for by application
 */

static SInt32
HIDGetElementValue(recDevice * pDevice, recElement * pElement)
{
    IOReturn result = kIOReturnSuccess;
    IOHIDEventStruct hidEvent;
    hidEvent.value = 0;

    if (NULL != pDevice && NULL != pElement && NULL != pDevice->interface) {
        result =
            (*(pDevice->interface))->getElementValue(pDevice->interface,
                                                     pElement->cookie,
                                                     &hidEvent);
        if (kIOReturnSuccess == result) {
            /* record min and max for auto calibration */
            if (hidEvent.value < pElement->minReport)
                pElement->minReport = hidEvent.value;
            if (hidEvent.value > pElement->maxReport)
                pElement->maxReport = hidEvent.value;
        }
    }

    /* auto user scale */
    return hidEvent.value;
}

static SInt32
HIDScaledCalibratedValue(recDevice * pDevice, recElement * pElement,
                         long min, long max)
{
    float deviceScale = max - min;
    float readScale = pElement->maxReport - pElement->minReport;
    SInt32 value = HIDGetElementValue(pDevice, pElement);
    if (readScale == 0)
        return value;           /* no scaling at all */
    else
        return ((value - pElement->minReport) * deviceScale / readScale) +
            min;
}


static void
HIDRemovalCallback(void *target, IOReturn result, void *refcon, void *sender)
{
    recDevice *device = (recDevice *) refcon;
    device->removed = 1;
    device->uncentered = 1;
}



/* Create and open an interface to device, required prior to extracting values or building queues.
 * Note: appliction now owns the device and must close and release it prior to exiting
 */

static IOReturn
HIDCreateOpenDeviceInterface(io_object_t hidDevice, recDevice * pDevice)
{
    IOReturn result = kIOReturnSuccess;
    HRESULT plugInResult = S_OK;
    SInt32 score = 0;
    IOCFPlugInInterface **ppPlugInInterface = NULL;

    if (NULL == pDevice->interface) {
        result =
            IOCreatePlugInInterfaceForService(hidDevice,
                                              kIOHIDDeviceUserClientTypeID,
                                              kIOCFPlugInInterfaceID,
                                              &ppPlugInInterface, &score);
        if (kIOReturnSuccess == result) {
            /* Call a method of the intermediate plug-in to create the device interface */
            plugInResult =
                (*ppPlugInInterface)->QueryInterface(ppPlugInInterface,
                                                     CFUUIDGetUUIDBytes
                                                     (kIOHIDDeviceInterfaceID),
                                                     (void *)
                                                     &(pDevice->interface));
            if (S_OK != plugInResult)
                HIDReportErrorNum
                    ("CouldnŐt query HID class device interface from plugInInterface",
                     plugInResult);
            (*ppPlugInInterface)->Release(ppPlugInInterface);
        } else
            HIDReportErrorNum
                ("Failed to create **plugInInterface via IOCreatePlugInInterfaceForService.",
                 result);
    }
    if (NULL != pDevice->interface) {
        result = (*(pDevice->interface))->open(pDevice->interface, 0);
        if (kIOReturnSuccess != result)
            HIDReportErrorNum
                ("Failed to open pDevice->interface via open.", result);
        else
            (*(pDevice->interface))->setRemovalCallback(pDevice->interface,
                                                        HIDRemovalCallback,
                                                        pDevice, pDevice);

    }
    return result;
}

/* Closes and releases interface to device, should be done prior to exting application
 * Note: will have no affect if device or interface do not exist
 * application will "own" the device if interface is not closed
 * (device may have to be plug and re-plugged in different location to get it working again without a restart)
 */

static IOReturn
HIDCloseReleaseInterface(recDevice * pDevice)
{
    IOReturn result = kIOReturnSuccess;

    if ((NULL != pDevice) && (NULL != pDevice->interface)) {
        /* close the interface */
        result = (*(pDevice->interface))->close(pDevice->interface);
        if (kIOReturnNotOpen == result) {
            /* do nothing as device was not opened, thus can't be closed */
        } else if (kIOReturnSuccess != result)
            HIDReportErrorNum("Failed to close IOHIDDeviceInterface.",
                              result);
        /* release the interface */
        result = (*(pDevice->interface))->Release(pDevice->interface);
        if (kIOReturnSuccess != result)
            HIDReportErrorNum("Failed to release IOHIDDeviceInterface.",
                              result);
        pDevice->interface = NULL;
    }
    return result;
}

/* extracts actual specific element information from each element CF dictionary entry */

static void
HIDGetElementInfo(CFTypeRef refElement, recElement * pElement)
{
    long number;
    CFTypeRef refType;

    refType = CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementCookieKey));
    if (refType && CFNumberGetValue(refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
        pElement->cookie = (IOHIDElementCookie) number;
    refType = CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementMinKey));
    if (refType && CFNumberGetValue(refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
        pElement->minReport = pElement->min = number;
    pElement->maxReport = pElement->min;
    refType = CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementMaxKey));
    if (refType && CFNumberGetValue(refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
        pElement->maxReport = pElement->max = number;
/*
      TODO: maybe should handle the following stuff somehow?

      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementScaledMinKey));
      if (refType && CFNumberGetValue (refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
            pElement->scaledMin = number;
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementScaledMaxKey));
      if (refType && CFNumberGetValue (refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
            pElement->scaledMax = number;
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementSizeKey));
      if (refType && CFNumberGetValue (refType, kCFNumberLongType, &number))
            pElement->size = number;
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementIsRelativeKey));
      if (refType)
            pElement->relative = CFBooleanGetValue (refType);
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementIsWrappingKey));
      if (refType)
            pElement->wrapping = CFBooleanGetValue (refType);
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementIsNonLinearKey));
      if (refType)
            pElement->nonLinear = CFBooleanGetValue (refType);
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementHasPreferedStateKey));
      if (refType)
            pElement->preferredState = CFBooleanGetValue (refType);
      refType = CFDictionaryGetValue (refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementHasNullStateKey));
      if (refType)
            pElement->nullState = CFBooleanGetValue (refType);
*/
}

/* examines CF dictionary vlaue in device element hierarchy to determine if it is element of interest or a collection of more elements
 * if element of interest allocate storage, add to list and retrieve element specific info
 * if collection then pass on to deconstruction collection into additional individual elements
 */

static void
HIDAddElement(CFTypeRef refElement, recDevice * pDevice)
{
    recElement *element = NULL;
    recElement **headElement = NULL;
    long elementType, usagePage, usage;
    CFTypeRef refElementType =
        CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementTypeKey));
    CFTypeRef refUsagePage =
        CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementUsagePageKey));
    CFTypeRef refUsage =
        CFDictionaryGetValue(refElement, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementUsageKey));


    if ((refElementType)
        &&
        (CFNumberGetValue(refElementType, kCFNumberLongType, &elementType))) {
        /* look at types of interest */
        if ((elementType == kIOHIDElementTypeInput_Misc)
            || (elementType == kIOHIDElementTypeInput_Button)
            || (elementType == kIOHIDElementTypeInput_Axis)) {
            if (refUsagePage
                && CFNumberGetValue(refUsagePage, kCFNumberLongType,
                                    &usagePage) && refUsage
                && CFNumberGetValue(refUsage, kCFNumberLongType, &usage)) {
                switch (usagePage) {    /* only interested in kHIDPage_GenericDesktop and kHIDPage_Button */
                case kHIDPage_GenericDesktop:
                    {
                        switch (usage) {        /* look at usage to determine function */
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_X:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Y:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Z:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Rx:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Ry:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Rz:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Slider:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Dial:
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Wheel:
                            element = (recElement *)
                                NewPtrClear(sizeof(recElement));
                            if (element) {
                                pDevice->axes++;
                                headElement = &(pDevice->firstAxis);
                            }
                            break;
                        case kHIDUsage_GD_Hatswitch:
                            element = (recElement *)
                                NewPtrClear(sizeof(recElement));
                            if (element) {
                                pDevice->hats++;
                                headElement = &(pDevice->firstHat);
                            }
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    break;
                case kHIDPage_Button:
                    element = (recElement *)
                        NewPtrClear(sizeof(recElement));
                    if (element) {
                        pDevice->buttons++;
                        headElement = &(pDevice->firstButton);
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
                }
            }
        } else if (kIOHIDElementTypeCollection == elementType)
            HIDGetCollectionElements((CFMutableDictionaryRef) refElement,
                                     pDevice);
    }

    if (element && headElement) {       /* add to list */
        recElement *elementPrevious = NULL;
        recElement *elementCurrent = *headElement;
        while (elementCurrent && usage >= elementCurrent->usage) {
            elementPrevious = elementCurrent;
            elementCurrent = elementCurrent->pNext;
        }
        if (elementPrevious) {
            elementPrevious->pNext = element;
        } else {
            *headElement = element;
        }
        element->usagePage = usagePage;
        element->usage = usage;
        element->pNext = elementCurrent;
        HIDGetElementInfo(refElement, element);
        pDevice->elements++;
    }
}

/* collects information from each array member in device element list (each array memeber = element) */

static void
HIDGetElementsCFArrayHandler(const void *value, void *parameter)
{
    if (CFGetTypeID(value) == CFDictionaryGetTypeID())
        HIDAddElement((CFTypeRef) value, (recDevice *) parameter);
}

/* handles retrieval of element information from arrays of elements in device IO registry information */

static void
HIDGetElements(CFTypeRef refElementCurrent, recDevice * pDevice)
{
    CFTypeID type = CFGetTypeID(refElementCurrent);
    if (type == CFArrayGetTypeID()) {   /* if element is an array */
        CFRange range = { 0, CFArrayGetCount(refElementCurrent) };
        /* CountElementsCFArrayHandler called for each array member */
        CFArrayApplyFunction(refElementCurrent, range,
                             HIDGetElementsCFArrayHandler, pDevice);
    }
}

/* handles extracting element information from element collection CF types
 * used from top level element decoding and hierarchy deconstruction to flatten device element list
 */

static void
HIDGetCollectionElements(CFMutableDictionaryRef deviceProperties,
                         recDevice * pDevice)
{
    CFTypeRef refElementTop =
        CFDictionaryGetValue(deviceProperties, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementKey));
    if (refElementTop)
        HIDGetElements(refElementTop, pDevice);
}

/* use top level element usage page and usage to discern device usage page and usage setting appropriate vlaues in device record */

static void
HIDTopLevelElementHandler(const void *value, void *parameter)
{
    CFTypeRef refCF = 0;
    if (CFGetTypeID(value) != CFDictionaryGetTypeID())
        return;
    refCF = CFDictionaryGetValue(value, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementUsagePageKey));
    if (!CFNumberGetValue
        (refCF, kCFNumberLongType, &((recDevice *) parameter)->usagePage))
        SDL_SetError("CFNumberGetValue error retrieving pDevice->usagePage.");
    refCF = CFDictionaryGetValue(value, CFSTR(kIOHIDElementUsageKey));
    if (!CFNumberGetValue
        (refCF, kCFNumberLongType, &((recDevice *) parameter)->usage))
        SDL_SetError("CFNumberGetValue error retrieving pDevice->usage.");
}

/* extracts device info from CF dictionary records in IO registry */

static void
HIDGetDeviceInfo(io_object_t hidDevice, CFMutableDictionaryRef hidProperties,
                 recDevice * pDevice)
{
    CFMutableDictionaryRef usbProperties = 0;
    io_registry_entry_t parent1, parent2;

    /* Mac OS X currently is not mirroring all USB properties to HID page so need to look at USB device page also
     * get dictionary for usb properties: step up two levels and get CF dictionary for USB properties
     */
    if ((KERN_SUCCESS ==
         IORegistryEntryGetParentEntry(hidDevice, kIOServicePlane, &parent1))
        && (KERN_SUCCESS ==
            IORegistryEntryGetParentEntry(parent1, kIOServicePlane, &parent2))
        && (KERN_SUCCESS ==
            IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperties(parent2, &usbProperties,
                                              kCFAllocatorDefault,
                                              kNilOptions))) {
        if (usbProperties) {
            CFTypeRef refCF = 0;
            /* get device info
             * try hid dictionary first, if fail then go to usb dictionary
             */


            /* get product name */
            refCF =
                CFDictionaryGetValue(hidProperties, CFSTR(kIOHIDProductKey));
            if (!refCF)
                refCF =
                    CFDictionaryGetValue(usbProperties,
                                         CFSTR("USB Product Name"));
            if (refCF) {
                if (!CFStringGetCString
                    (refCF, pDevice->product, 256,
                     CFStringGetSystemEncoding()))
                    SDL_SetError
                        ("CFStringGetCString error retrieving pDevice->product.");
            }

            /* get usage page and usage */
            refCF =
                CFDictionaryGetValue(hidProperties,
                                     CFSTR(kIOHIDPrimaryUsagePageKey));
            if (refCF) {
                if (!CFNumberGetValue
                    (refCF, kCFNumberLongType, &pDevice->usagePage))
                    SDL_SetError
                        ("CFNumberGetValue error retrieving pDevice->usagePage.");
                refCF =
                    CFDictionaryGetValue(hidProperties,
                                         CFSTR(kIOHIDPrimaryUsageKey));
                if (refCF)
                    if (!CFNumberGetValue
                        (refCF, kCFNumberLongType, &pDevice->usage))
                        SDL_SetError
                            ("CFNumberGetValue error retrieving pDevice->usage.");
            }

            if (NULL == refCF) {        /* get top level element HID usage page or usage */
                /* use top level element instead */
                CFTypeRef refCFTopElement = 0;
                refCFTopElement =
                    CFDictionaryGetValue(hidProperties,
                                         CFSTR(kIOHIDElementKey));
                {
                    /* refCFTopElement points to an array of element dictionaries */
                    CFRange range = { 0, CFArrayGetCount(refCFTopElement) };
                    CFArrayApplyFunction(refCFTopElement, range,
                                         HIDTopLevelElementHandler, pDevice);
                }
            }

            CFRelease(usbProperties);
        } else
            SDL_SetError
                ("IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperties failed to create usbProperties.");

        if (kIOReturnSuccess != IOObjectRelease(parent2))
            SDL_SetError("IOObjectRelease error with parent2.");
        if (kIOReturnSuccess != IOObjectRelease(parent1))
            SDL_SetError("IOObjectRelease error with parent1.");
    }
}


static recDevice *
HIDBuildDevice(io_object_t hidDevice)
{
    recDevice *pDevice = (recDevice *) NewPtrClear(sizeof(recDevice));
    if (pDevice) {
        /* get dictionary for HID properties */
        CFMutableDictionaryRef hidProperties = 0;
        kern_return_t result =
            IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperties(hidDevice, &hidProperties,
                                              kCFAllocatorDefault,
                                              kNilOptions);
        if ((result == KERN_SUCCESS) && hidProperties) {
            /* create device interface */
            result = HIDCreateOpenDeviceInterface(hidDevice, pDevice);
            if (kIOReturnSuccess == result) {
                HIDGetDeviceInfo(hidDevice, hidProperties, pDevice);    /* hidDevice used to find parents in registry tree */
                HIDGetCollectionElements(hidProperties, pDevice);
            } else {
                DisposePtr((Ptr) pDevice);
                pDevice = NULL;
            }
            CFRelease(hidProperties);
        } else {
            DisposePtr((Ptr) pDevice);
            pDevice = NULL;
        }
    }
    return pDevice;
}

/* disposes of the element list associated with a device and the memory associated with the list
 */

static void
HIDDisposeElementList(recElement ** elementList)
{
    recElement *pElement = *elementList;
    while (pElement) {
        recElement *pElementNext = pElement->pNext;
        DisposePtr((Ptr) pElement);
        pElement = pElementNext;
    }
    *elementList = NULL;
}

/* disposes of a single device, closing and releaseing interface, freeing memory fro device and elements, setting device pointer to NULL
 * all your device no longer belong to us... (i.e., you do not 'own' the device anymore)
 */

static recDevice *
HIDDisposeDevice(recDevice ** ppDevice)
{
    kern_return_t result = KERN_SUCCESS;
    recDevice *pDeviceNext = NULL;
    if (*ppDevice) {
        /* save next device prior to disposing of this device */
        pDeviceNext = (*ppDevice)->pNext;

        /* free posible io_service_t */
        if ((*ppDevice)->ffservice) {
            IOObjectRelease((*ppDevice)->ffservice);
            (*ppDevice)->ffservice = 0;
        }

        /* free element lists */
        HIDDisposeElementList(&(*ppDevice)->firstAxis);
        HIDDisposeElementList(&(*ppDevice)->firstButton);
        HIDDisposeElementList(&(*ppDevice)->firstHat);

        result = HIDCloseReleaseInterface(*ppDevice);   /* function sanity checks interface value (now application does not own device) */
        if (kIOReturnSuccess != result)
            HIDReportErrorNum
                ("HIDCloseReleaseInterface failed when trying to dipose device.",
                 result);
        DisposePtr((Ptr) * ppDevice);
        *ppDevice = NULL;
    }
    return pDeviceNext;
}


/* Function to scan the system for joysticks.
 * Joystick 0 should be the system default joystick.
 * This function should return the number of available joysticks, or -1
 * on an unrecoverable fatal error.
 */
int
SDL_SYS_JoystickInit(void)
{
    IOReturn result = kIOReturnSuccess;
    mach_port_t masterPort = 0;
    io_iterator_t hidObjectIterator = 0;
    CFMutableDictionaryRef hidMatchDictionary = NULL;
    recDevice *device, *lastDevice;
    io_object_t ioHIDDeviceObject = 0;

    SDL_numjoysticks = 0;

    if (gpDeviceList) {
        SDL_SetError("Joystick: Device list already inited.");
        return -1;
    }

    result = IOMasterPort(bootstrap_port, &masterPort);
    if (kIOReturnSuccess != result) {
        SDL_SetError("Joystick: IOMasterPort error with bootstrap_port.");
        return -1;
    }

    /* Set up a matching dictionary to search I/O Registry by class name for all HID class devices. */
    hidMatchDictionary = IOServiceMatching(kIOHIDDeviceKey);
    if (hidMatchDictionary) {
        /* Add key for device type (joystick, in this case) to refine the matching dictionary. */

        /* NOTE: we now perform this filtering later
           UInt32 usagePage = kHIDPage_GenericDesktop;
           UInt32 usage = kHIDUsage_GD_Joystick;
           CFNumberRef refUsage = NULL, refUsagePage = NULL;

           refUsage = CFNumberCreate (kCFAllocatorDefault, kCFNumberIntType, &usage);
           CFDictionarySetValue (hidMatchDictionary, CFSTR (kIOHIDPrimaryUsageKey), refUsage);
           refUsagePage = CFNumberCreate (kCFAllocatorDefault, kCFNumberIntType, &usagePage);
           CFDictionarySetValue (hidMatchDictionary, CFSTR (kIOHIDPrimaryUsagePageKey), refUsagePage);
         */
    } else {
        SDL_SetError
            ("Joystick: Failed to get HID CFMutableDictionaryRef via IOServiceMatching.");
        return -1;
    }

    /*/ Now search I/O Registry for matching devices. */
    result =
        IOServiceGetMatchingServices(masterPort, hidMatchDictionary,
                                     &hidObjectIterator);
    /* Check for errors */
    if (kIOReturnSuccess != result) {
        SDL_SetError("Joystick: Couldn't create a HID object iterator.");
        return -1;
    }
    if (!hidObjectIterator) {   /* there are no joysticks */
        gpDeviceList = NULL;
        SDL_numjoysticks = 0;
        return 0;
    }
    /* IOServiceGetMatchingServices consumes a reference to the dictionary, so we don't need to release the dictionary ref. */

    /* build flat linked list of devices from device iterator */

    gpDeviceList = lastDevice = NULL;

    while ((ioHIDDeviceObject = IOIteratorNext(hidObjectIterator))) {
        /* build a device record */
        device = HIDBuildDevice(ioHIDDeviceObject);
        if (!device)
            continue;

        /* Filter device list to non-keyboard/mouse stuff */
        if ((device->usagePage != kHIDPage_GenericDesktop) ||
            ((device->usage != kHIDUsage_GD_Joystick &&
              device->usage != kHIDUsage_GD_GamePad &&
              device->usage != kHIDUsage_GD_MultiAxisController))) {

            /* release memory for the device */
            HIDDisposeDevice(&device);
            DisposePtr((Ptr) device);
            continue;
        }

        /* We have to do some storage of the io_service_t for
         * SDL_HapticOpenFromJoystick */
        if (FFIsForceFeedback(ioHIDDeviceObject) == FF_OK) {
            device->ffservice = ioHIDDeviceObject;
        } else {
            device->ffservice = 0;
        }

        /* Add device to the end of the list */
        if (lastDevice)
            lastDevice->pNext = device;
        else
            gpDeviceList = device;
        lastDevice = device;
    }
    result = IOObjectRelease(hidObjectIterator);        /* release the iterator */

    /* Count the total number of devices we found */
    device = gpDeviceList;
    while (device) {
        SDL_numjoysticks++;
        device = device->pNext;
    }

    return SDL_numjoysticks;
}

/* Function to get the device-dependent name of a joystick */
const char *
SDL_SYS_JoystickName(int index)
{
    recDevice *device = gpDeviceList;

    for (; index > 0; index--)
        device = device->pNext;

    return device->product;
}

/* Function to open a joystick for use.
 * The joystick to open is specified by the index field of the joystick.
 * This should fill the nbuttons and naxes fields of the joystick structure.
 * It returns 0, or -1 if there is an error.
 */
int
SDL_SYS_JoystickOpen(SDL_Joystick * joystick)
{
    recDevice *device = gpDeviceList;
    int index;

    for (index = joystick->index; index > 0; index--)
        device = device->pNext;

    joystick->hwdata = device;
    joystick->name = device->product;

    joystick->naxes = device->axes;
    joystick->nhats = device->hats;
    joystick->nballs = 0;
    joystick->nbuttons = device->buttons;

    return 0;
}

/* Function to update the state of a joystick - called as a device poll.
 * This function shouldn't update the joystick structure directly,
 * but instead should call SDL_PrivateJoystick*() to deliver events
 * and update joystick device state.
 */
void
SDL_SYS_JoystickUpdate(SDL_Joystick * joystick)
{
    recDevice *device = joystick->hwdata;
    recElement *element;
    SInt32 value, range;
    int i;

    if (device->removed) {      /* device was unplugged; ignore it. */
        if (device->uncentered) {
            device->uncentered = 0;

            /* Tell the app that everything is centered/unpressed... */
            for (i = 0; i < device->axes; i++)
                SDL_PrivateJoystickAxis(joystick, i, 0);

            for (i = 0; i < device->buttons; i++)
                SDL_PrivateJoystickButton(joystick, i, 0);

            for (i = 0; i < device->hats; i++)
                SDL_PrivateJoystickHat(joystick, i, SDL_HAT_CENTERED);
        }

        return;
    }

    element = device->firstAxis;
    i = 0;
    while (element) {
        value = HIDScaledCalibratedValue(device, element, -32768, 32767);
        if (value != joystick->axes[i])
            SDL_PrivateJoystickAxis(joystick, i, value);
        element = element->pNext;
        ++i;
    }

    element = device->firstButton;
    i = 0;
    while (element) {
        value = HIDGetElementValue(device, element);
        if (value > 1)          /* handle pressure-sensitive buttons */
            value = 1;
        if (value != joystick->buttons[i])
            SDL_PrivateJoystickButton(joystick, i, value);
        element = element->pNext;
        ++i;
    }

    element = device->firstHat;
    i = 0;
    while (element) {
        Uint8 pos = 0;

        range = (element->max - element->min + 1);
        value = HIDGetElementValue(device, element) - element->min;
        if (range == 4)         /* 4 position hatswitch - scale up value */
            value *= 2;
        else if (range != 8)    /* Neither a 4 nor 8 positions - fall back to default position (centered) */
            value = -1;
        switch (value) {
        case 0:
            pos = SDL_HAT_UP;
            break;
        case 1:
            pos = SDL_HAT_RIGHTUP;
            break;
        case 2:
            pos = SDL_HAT_RIGHT;
            break;
        case 3:
            pos = SDL_HAT_RIGHTDOWN;
            break;
        case 4:
            pos = SDL_HAT_DOWN;
            break;
        case 5:
            pos = SDL_HAT_LEFTDOWN;
            break;
        case 6:
            pos = SDL_HAT_LEFT;
            break;
        case 7:
            pos = SDL_HAT_LEFTUP;
            break;
        default:
            /* Every other value is mapped to center. We do that because some
             * joysticks use 8 and some 15 for this value, and apparently
             * there are even more variants out there - so we try to be generous.
             */
            pos = SDL_HAT_CENTERED;
            break;
        }
        if (pos != joystick->hats[i])
            SDL_PrivateJoystickHat(joystick, i, pos);
        element = element->pNext;
        ++i;
    }

    return;
}

/* Function to close a joystick after use */
void
SDL_SYS_JoystickClose(SDL_Joystick * joystick)
{
    /* Should we do anything here? */
    return;
}

/* Function to perform any system-specific joystick related cleanup */
void
SDL_SYS_JoystickQuit(void)
{
    while (NULL != gpDeviceList)
        gpDeviceList = HIDDisposeDevice(&gpDeviceList);
}

#endif /* SDL_JOYSTICK_IOKIT */
/* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */

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